A proposed road in a subdivision plan may cross a gas or oil pipeline.
The Oil and Gas Commission (OGC) has regulatory authority where proposed
subdivisions cross a pipeline, pursuant to the Provincial Oil And Gas Activities Act
and Regulations. This applies to all pipelines operated wholly within
the Province of British Columbia.
The OGC has divided its authority
between the Compliance and Enforcement Branch for pipelines containing a pressure
of 700 kPa or greater and Technical Safety BC for pipeline
pressures of less than 700 kPa. The OGC does not exercise regulatory
authority over public road crossings of pipelines under provincial jurisdiction.
Oil or natural gas pipelines that cross interprovincial or international
boundaries are regulated by the National Energy Board pursuant to the Federal
National Energy Board Act.
The Board does not regulate the dedication
of roads over pipelines. The Board regulates the construction of roads
that cross pipelines to ensure compliance with construction standards.
These pipelines can carry oil, natural gas and other hydrocarbons at pressures
of several thousand psi, which require certain construction standards to ensure
safety. Accordingly, the Board has the National Energy Board Pipeline Damage Prevention Regulations – Authorizations and the National Energy Board Pipeline Damage Prevention Regulations – Obligations of Pipeline Companies. These are contained in the NEB publication “Pipeline Damage Prevention – Ground Disturbance, Construction and Vehicle Crossings” which can be found at https://www.neb-one.gc.ca/sftnvrnmnt/dmgprvntn/grnddstrbnc-eng.html